Hypostomus

Lacépède, 1803
Type species: Hypostomus plecostomus
Hypostomus plecostomus
Classification
 
Family
 
Subfamily
Synonyms
Plecostomus
Watawata
Length (total)
3 - 60 cm
Anatomy
no odontodes of interoperculum
Body height
height
Coloring
browns to black, mostly unremarkable, often dark spots on a lighter base
Fins
present
3 - 5 soft rays
(12 - ) 14 soft rays
relatively long
7 ( - 11)  soft rays
Mouth
Jaw
upper and lower jaw almost parallel
Hypostomus plecostomus
Sex difference
males have longer fins
Breeding behavior
Additional literatur
  • I. Seidel / H.-G. Evers "Welsatlas 2" S.1011 - 1021

Species

Species
Country
Origin
Length
(cm)
AQ
(cm)
T.
(°C)
Bree
ding
Hypostomus affinis
Steindachner, 1877
 
Brazil
rio Santo Antônio, rio Mucuri, rio Muriahé bei Santa Clara; rio Doce, Paraiba do Sul, Südostbrasilien
(Bahia, Rio de Janeiro)
Hypostomus affinis, Rio Doce, Itapina, ca. 30 cm TL
45
200
23 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus alatus
Castelnau, 1855
 
Brazil, Uruguay
rio Sabara, rio das Velhas, río Uruguay, rio Negro, río Cuareim
(Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul, Artigas, Río Negro, Durazno, Soriano, Flores, Tacuarembó, Rivera)
Hypostomus alatus, 24 cm SL, Rio São Francisco
45
200
24 - 27
unknown
Hypostomus albopunctatus
Regan, 1908
 
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Rio Piracicaba, rio Mojiguaçu, rio Iguaçu = río Iguazú, rio Pirapó, rio Três Barras, río Guarani, rio Jordão, rio Timbó
(Paraná, São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
Hypostomus albopunctatus, NUP1761, 210.0 mm SL, Itaipu Reservoir, Santa Helena, State of Paraná
30
150
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus ancistroides
Ihering, 1911
 
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Rio Tatuí = rio Tatuhi, Rio Sorocaba, Rio Piracicaba, oberer Rio Paraná-Einzug, Rio Tietê, Ribeira de Iguapé, rio Mourão, rio Keller, rio Tatu–Peba, rio Pitanga, rio Lajeado, rio dos Patos, rio Ivaí-Einzug
(São Paulo, Paraná, Minas Gerais)
Hypostomus ancistroides, 57.1 mm SL, MZUEL 8252
25
150
20 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus annectens
Regan, 1904
 
Ecuador, Colombia
río San Miguel, San Javier de Cachabí, río Durango, río Cayapas-, río Toachi, río Patía-Einzug
(Esmeraldas)
IUCN: vulnerable
Hypostomus annectens
28
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus arecuta
Cardoso, Almirón, Casciotta & Montoya-Burgos, 2012
 
Argentina
mittlerer Rio Paraná-Einzug
(Yahapé, Ituzaingó, Candelaria, Santa Fé, Entre Ríos)
Hypostomus arecuta
35
180
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus asperatus
Castelnau, 1855
 
Brazil
Rio Araguaia, Tocantins-Einzug
Hypostomus asperatus
33
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus aspilogaster
Cope, 1894
 
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
rio Jacuí, rio Telho, rio Guaiba, rio Jaguarão, rio Camaquã, rio Mandisoví Grande; río Uruguay, Laguna dos Patos, rio Cati, río Taquarembó
(Rio Grande do Sul, Entre Ríos)
Lateral view of a live specimen of Hypostomus aspilogaster collected in the stream Mandisoví Grande, Entre Ríos province,Argentina. ILPLA 2156, (YC09-090), 285.2 mm SL
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus atropinnis
Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1890
 
Brazil
Rio Araguaia-, rio Tocantins-Einzug
(Goiás)
Hypostomus atropinnis - Lateralansicht
21
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus auroguttatus
Natterer & Heckel in Kner, 1854
 
Brazil
Rio Paraíba do Sul
(Rio de Janeiro)
Hypostomus auroguttatus
35
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus basilisko
Cochliodon basilisko
Tencatt, Zawadzki & Froehlich, 2014
 
Brazil, Paraguay
córrego Salobrinha, rio Salobra, Rio Paraguay-Einzug; río Negro
(Mato Grosso do Sul, Alto Paraguay)
Hypostomus basilisko
30
180
20 - 27
yes
Hypostomus bolivianus
Pearson, 1924
 
Bolivia
Río Popoi
(La Paz)
IUCN: near threatened
Plecostomus bolivianus = Hypostomus bolivianus, Holotype
35
150
20 - 27
unknown
Hypostomus borellii
Boulenger, 1897
 
Argentina, Bolivia
Río Pilcomayo bei Mission de San Francisco - Villamontes
(Tarija)
Plecostomus borellii Holotype BMNH 1897.1.27.19 SL153.1mm
21
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus boulengeri
Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
 
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
río Montelinde, río Paraguay, río Aguaray Guazú, río Negro, río Bermejo
(Asunción, Corrientes, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, San Pedro, Chaco, Formosa, Santa Cruz, Alto Paraguay)
Hypostomus boulengeri
30
150
22 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus brevicauda
Günther, 1864
 
Brazil
Küstenflüsse
(Bahia)
Syntype
26
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus butantanis
Ihering, 1911
 
Brazil
Rio Pinheiros
(São Paulo)
Hypostomus butantanis
33
180
 
unknown
Hypostomus cafuringa
Soares, Aquino, Bagley, Langeani & Colli, 2021
 
Brazil
ribeirão Contagem, ribeirão Cafuringa, ribeirão Engenho Velho, ribeirão do Buraco
(Federal do Brasil)
12
100
 
unknown
Hypostomus cari
Lustosa-Costa, Ramos, Zawadzki, Jacobina & Lima, 2024
 
Brazil
rio Parnaíba, rio Pureza, rio Corrente, rio Balsas, rio Guaribas, rio Paracati, açude Ingazeiro
(Piauí, Maranhão)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus cari
20
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus carinatus (L 166)
Steindachner, 1881
 
Brazil, Venezuela
Ueranduba, Amazonas, Jatuarana, Lago Saraca, Rio Nhamundá, Rio Negro; río Orinoco oberhalb río Sipabi-Zufluss
(Amazonas (BRA), Amazonas (VEN), Pará)
Hypostomus carinatus (L 166)
35
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus caudofasciatus
Zawadzki & Azevedo, 2024
 
Brazil
rio Sapucaí-mirim, rio Pardo, rio Grande, rio Paraná
(São Paulo, Minas Gerais)
IUCN: least concern
20
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus chrysostiktos
Birindelli, Zanata & Lima, 2007
 
Brazil
Rio Santo Antônio, rio Jacuípe, rio Paraguaçu, rio Una
(Bahia)
Hypostomus chrysostiktos, holotype, 222.4 mm SL
35
200
 
unknown
Hypostomus cochliodon (LDA 51)
Cochliodon cochliodon (LDA 51)
Kner, 1854
 
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
río Paraguay-, río Parana-Einzug, rio Cuiabá, rio do Bugre, rio Jauru, rio Paraguai, arroyo Ytyguazu, río Apa, río Aquidaban, río Jejui, río Ypané, río Bermejo
(Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Misiones, Corrientes)
Rio Paranà bei der Stadt Encarnaciòn
30
150
20 - 27
unknown
Hypostomus commersonii
Valenciennes, 1836
 
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
rio Cavernoso, Río de la Plata, río Paraguay, río Paraná, rio Iguaçu = río Iguazú, rio Jordão, rio Jaracatiá, rio Areia, Salto Caxias
(Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, Misiones, Santa Fé, Corrientes, Paraná, Paysandú, Artigas, Soriano, Colonia, Salto, Rio Negro)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus commersonii vom Río Salado
60
200
17 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus cordovae
Günther, 1880
 
Argentina
dique La Aguadita, dique Cadillal, río del Cajón = río Tajamar, río Calera = río Medina, río Carcaraña, río Cosquín, arroyo Gallinato, río Horcones, río Mojotoro, río Salado del Norte = río Pasaje, río Sali, río El Tala, arroyo Villa Giardino, río Zapla
(Córdoba, Salta, Santa Fe)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus cordovae
50
250
18 - 31
unknown
Hypostomus crulsi
Soares, Aquino, Bagley, Langeani & Colli, 2021
 
Brazil
ribeirão Taquara, córrego Milho Cozido, ribeirão Bananal, ribeirão do Torto, oberer rio São Bartolomeu
(Federal do Brasil)
12
100
 
unknown
Hypostomus dardanelos
Cochliodon dardanelos
Zawadzki & Carvalho, 2014
 
Brazil
rio Aripuanã, igarapé Guaribal, rio Praia, igarapé Praia Grande unterhalb cachoeira Dardanelos
(Mato Grosso)
Hypostomus dardanelos
25
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus delimai
Zawadzki, Oliveira & Tiago Debona, 2013
 
Brazil
mittler rio Tocantins, rio Araguaia, lago Morateiro, rio Gameleira, lago Perdidos, rio Lontra, rio Javaezinho
(Tocantins, Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus delimai
50
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus denticulatus
Zawadzki, Weber &, Pavanelli, 2008
 
Brazil
Rio do Peixe, rio Areia, rio Pirapitinga, rio Corumbá
(Goiás)
Hypostomus denticulatus, holotype, Brazil, Goiás state, Município de Caldas Novas, rio do Peixe, tributary to rio
Corumbá, MZUSP 98770, 161.9 mm SL. Dorsal, lateral, and ventral views
25
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus derbyi
Haseman, 1911
 
Brazil
rio Iraí, rio Atuba, rio Guarani, rio da Divisa, rio Chopim, rio Jordão, rio Areia, rio dos Padres, rio Pinhãozinho, rio Timbó, rio Iguaçu-Einzug
(Santa Catarina, Paraná)
Hypostomus derbyi , NUP 677, 230.6 mm SL, Salto Caxias reservoir, rio Iguaçu, Municipality of Capitão de Leônidas Marques/Nova Prata do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil
32
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus dlouhyi
Weber, 1985
 
Paraguay
rio Iguaçu, mittlerer río Paraná-Einzug
(Alto Paraná)
Hypostomus dlouhyi, lateral
30
200
20 - 27
unknown
Hypostomus ericae
Cochliodon ericae
Hollanda Carvalho & Weber, 2004
 
Brazil
lago Serra da Mesa bei Porto Alfredinho, rio das Almas, rio Bagagem, rio Castelo Grande, rio Maranhão, rio Palmeira, rio Passa Três, rio Traíras
(Goías)
Hypostomus ericae, sp. n. MNRJ 27861, holotype (164.3 mm SL)
25
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus faveolus (L 37)
Zawadzki, Birindelli & Lima, 2008
 
Brazil
rio Resende, rio Água Fría, rio Água Suja = rio Curua, córrego da Taboca, rio Verde, rio Mosquito, rio Pretorio Araguaia, oberer rio Xingu, rio Meio Ponte
(Mato Grosso, Pará (BRA), Goiás, Maranhão)
Hypostomus faveolus, ca. 7-8 Jahre; ca. 20 cm
30
120
24 - 29
Hypostomus fonchii
Weber & Montoya-Burgos, 2002
 
Bolivia, Peru
río Panya = río Pauya, río Huacamayo, río Pisqui
(Loreto, Ucayali)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus fonchii, UMSS 00360, 154.0 mm SL, río Chipiriri, río Mamoré basin, Bolivia
20
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus francisci
Lütken, 1874
 
Brazil
Oberer Rio São Francisco-Einzug
(Minas Gerais)
Hypostomus francisci
40
250
 
unknown
Hypostomus froehlichi

 
Brazil
Bodoquena Plateau, córrego Salobrinha, córreguo Mutum, rio Formoso, rio Miranda-Einzug
(Mato Grosso do Sul)
IUCN: near threatened
Hypostomus froehlichi
60
200
 
unknown
Hypostomus fuscomaculatus (L 233 / LDA 9)

 
Brazil
rio Manos, Pantanal, oberer rio Paraguai-Einzug
(Mato Grosso)
Hypostomus fuscomaculatus (L 233 / LDA 9)
>30
200
20 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus garmani
Regan, 1904
 
Brazil
Rio das Velhas, rio São Francisco-Einzug
(Minas Gerais, Bahia, Sergipe, Pernambuco, Alagoas)
Hypostomus garmani
16
100
 
unknown
Hypostomus goyazensis
Regan, 1908
 
Brazil
oberer Rio Araguaia-Einzug
(Goiás)
Hypostomus goyazensis
26
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus gymnorhynchus
Norman, 1926
 
Brazil, French Guiana
Iponcin Greek, Approuague River, Arataye River, Mahury River, Orapu River, Oyapoc River, Mana River, Comté River, Kourou River, Sinnamary River, Maroni River
(Amapá, Cayenne, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni)
Hypostomus gymnorhynchus vom Rio Comté
30
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus hemicochliodon
Cochliodon hemicochliodon
Armbruster, 2003
 
Ecuador, Peru
río Nanay, río Itaya, río Marañon, río Santiago, río Napo, río Orosa, Oberer Amazonas-Einzug
(Loreto, Orellana)
Hypostomus hemicochliodon
30
150
24 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus hemiurus
Eigenmann, 1912
 
Guyana
Potaro River, Mazaruni River, Rupununi River
(Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus hemiurus
25
120
23 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus heraldoi
Zawadzki, Weber, Pavanelli, 2008
 
Brazil
Ribeirão Pirapitinga im rio Paraná-Einzug
(Goiás)
Hypostomus heraldoi, holotype, Brazil, Goiás State, Município de Caldas Novas, rio Pirapitinga, MZUSP 98771, 217.9
mm SL. Dorsal, lateral, and ventral views
27
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus hermanni
Ihering, 1905
 
Brazil
rio Piracicaba, oberer río Paraná, rio Tietê -, rio Piquiri -, rio Ivaí -, rio Paranapanema-Einzug
(São Paulo)
NUP 5402, 175.1 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Floresta, rio Ivaí
28
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus hondae
Cochliodon hondae
Regan, 1912
 
Colombia. Venezuela
río Magdalena, río Sinú, río Atrato, lago Maracibo, río Sogamoso, río Cachiri
(Tolima, Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Caldas, Santander, Sucre, Zulia, Mérida)
Hypostomus hondae
30
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus hoplonites
Rapp Py-Daniel, 1988
 
Brazil
Lagos do Janauacá, Mittlerer Amazonaseinzug
(Amazonas (BRA), Rondônia)
H. hoplonites INPA 31849, 225.0 mm SL
38
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus iheringii
Regan, 1908
 
Brazil
rio Piracicaba, rio Tieté-Einzug, rio Ivaí
(São Paulo, Paraná)
NUP 4837, 139.8 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Floresta, rio Ivaí
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus interruptus
Miranda-Ribeiro, 1918
 
Brazil
rio Juquiá, rio do Queimado, ribeirão Braço Bonito, rio das Criminosas, rio Pardo, riacho Arataca, rio Vargem do Braço = rio Pilões, rio Ribeira de Iguape, rio Betari, rio Palmital, arroio Taquaral, arroio 3 Barras
(São Paulo, Paraná)
Hypostomus interruptus, NUP 18307, 57.8 mm
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus isbrueckeri
Reis, Weber & Malabarba, 1990
 
Brazil, Uruguay
rio Conceição, rio Potiribu, rio Ligeiro, rio Jacutinga, rio Uruguay, rio Conoas; río Negro, río Yí
(Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Río Negro)
Hypostomus isbrueckeri
30
150
18 - 24
unknown
Hypostomus itacua
Valenciennes, 1836
 
Argentina, Brazil?, Paraguay?
mittlerer Rio Paraná
Hypostomus itacua
11
80
20 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus jaguar
Zanata, Sadeiro & Zawadski, 2013
 
Brazil
rio Paraguaçu, rio Una
(Bahia)
Hypostomus jaguar , paratype, UFBA 6457, 170.2 mm SL
24
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus jaguribensis
Fowler, 1915
 
Brazil
Rio Jaguaribe-Einzug  bei Barro Alto
(Ceará)
Hypostomus jaguribensis
15
100
 
unknown
Hypostomus johnii
Steindachner, 1877
 
Brazil
Rio Poti, rio Parnaíba, rio Quilombo, rio Sambito, rio Guaribas, rio Longá, rio Jacaraí; rio Preto
(Piauí, Maranhão, Ceará, Bahia)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus johnii
20
120
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus khimaera
Cochliodon khimaera
Tencatt, Zawadzki & Froehlich, 2014
 
Brazil
córrego Salobro, rio Cuiaba, rio Manso, rio Quilombo, rio Vermelho, rio Aquidauana, rio Paraguay-Einzug
(Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul)
Cochliodon khimaera Holotype
25
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus kopeyaka
Cochliodon kopeyaka
Carvalho, Lima & Zawadzki, 2010
 
Brazil
oberer rio Tiquié, rio Uaupés, igarapé Castanha, igarapé Umari Norte
(Amazonas (BRA))
Hypostomus kopeyaka
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus krikati
Cochliodon krikati
Oliveira, Guimarães, Brito & Ottoni, 2022
 
Brazil
rio Pindaré, rio Zutiua, igarapé Mineirão, lago de Lírio, igarapé Igarapa, igarapé do Fausto, igarapé Jenipapo, igarapé Timbira
(Maranhão)
23
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus krishnamurtii
Zawadzki, Penido & Lucinda, 2020
 
Brazil
rio Uru, córrego Água preta, ribeirão Tabocão, rio Cachoeira de Taquaraçu, rio Mocambão
(Tocantins, Goiás)
IUCN: least concern
21
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus kuarup
Zawadzki, Birindelli & Lima, 2012
 
Brazil
Rio Culuene im rio Xingu-Einzug
(Mato Grosso)
Hypostomus kuarup , holotype, MZUSP 109765, 157.0 mm SL: Brazil, Mato Grosso, Campinápolis, rio Culuene
25
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus labyrinthus
Cochliodon labyrinthus
Oliveira, Ribeiro, Canto & Zawadzki, 2020
 
Brazil
igarapé Leitosinho, rio Braço Leste, rio Braço Oeste, rio Santa Cruz, rio Áqua Boa, rio Tinga, igarapé Leitoso, rio Cupari
(Pará (BRA))
IUCN: least concern
24
 
26 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus lamberti
Penido, Pessali & Zawadzki, 2023
 
Brazil
rio Bacalhau, córrego Fundo, córrego Água Parada
(Goiás)
23
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus laplatae
Eigenmann, 1907
 
Argentina, Uruguay
Laguna Cascallares, Río de la Plata
(Buenos Aires)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus laplatae aus Uruguay
55
200
15 - 21
in Canada?
Hypostomus latifrons (L 51)
Weber, 1986
 
Argentina, Paraguay
Río Paraguay, rio Paraná
(Distrito Capital, Central, Ñeembucú, Formosa, Chaco, Santa Fé, Corrientes, Entre Rios)
Hypostomus latifrons von Rio Paraguay bei der Stadt Concepciòn
30
150
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus latifrons (L 281)
Weber, 1986
 
Argentina, Paraguay
Río Paraguay, rio Paraná
(Distrito Capital, Central, Ñeembucú, Formosa, Chaco, Santa Fé, Corrientes, Entre Rios)
Hypostomus latifrons (L 281)
30
150
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus latirostris
Regan, 1904
 
Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
Rio Jungada = rio Jangada
(Mato Grosso, Goiás)
Hypostomus latirostris
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus levis
Cochliodon levis
Pearson, 1924
 
Bolivia
río Popoi, río Beni-Einzug, río Boopi, río Paragúa
(Cochabamba)
IUCN: data deficient
Hypostomus levis = Cochliodon levis = Rhinelepis levis; Holotpye
23
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus lima
Lütken, 1874
 
Brazil
Rio das Velhas, Ribeirao do Mata, Lagoa Santa, Rio São Francisco-Einzug
(Minas Gerais)
Hypostomus lima
12
100
 
unknown
Hypostomus luetkeni
Steindachner, 1877
 
Brazil, Uruguay
rio San Antonio, rio Quenda, rio Paraíba do Sul = rio Parahyba, rio Cágado, rio Grande = rio Dois Rios, rio Muriaé = rio Muriahé, rio Novo, rio Paquequer, rio Paraibuna, rio Paraitinga, rio Paraopeba, rio Piraí, rio Pomba, rio São Domingos
(Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
Hypostomus luetkeni
35
150
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus luteomaculatus
Devincenci & Teague, 1942
 
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
Rio Uruguay-Einzug, eventuell auch Rio Mogi-Guaçu
(Entre Ríos, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo)
Hypostomus luteomaculatus
35
150
24 - 27
unknown
Hypostomus luteus
Godoy, 1980
 
Brazil
Rio Pelotas, rio Canoas, rio Uruguai-Einzug
(Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus luteus
40
200
18 - 24
Taiwan
Hypostomus macrops
Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888
 
Brazil
Rio das Velhas
(Minas Gerais)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus macrops, lateral
33
200
 
unknown
Hypostomus macushi (L 303)
Cochliodon macushi (L 303)
Armbruster & Souza, 2005
 
Brazil, Guyana
Rupununi River, Simoni River, Ireng River, Takutu River, rio Nhamundá
(Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Roraima, Amazonas (BRA), Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus macushi (L 303)
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus margaritifer
Regan, 1908
 
Brazil, Paraguay
Rio Piracicaba, rio Jacaré-Guaçu, rio Paraná
(São Paulo, Paraná)
Hypostomus margaritifer
40
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus micromaculatus
Boeseman, 1968
 
Suriname
Mamadam Wasserfälle, Suriname River-Einzug
Hypostomus micromaculatus
25
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus microstomus
Weber, 1987
 
Argentina, Paraguay
río Meme, mittlerer, oberer río Paraná
(Itapúa, Corrientes)
Hypostomus  microstomus, NUP1725, 165.0 mm SL, riacho Caracu, Porto Rico, State of Paraná
28
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus multidens
Jerep, Shibatta & Zawadzki, 2007
 
Brazil
Rio Taquara, rio Tibagi, rio Paranapanema-, rio Paraná- Einzug
(São Paulo, Paraná)
Hypostomus multidens, NUP 5340, 157.0 mm SL
>25
150
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus mutucae
Knaak, 1999
 
Brazil
rio Claro, rio Mutuca
(Mato Grosso)
Hypostomus mutucae, NUP 6641, 109.2 mm: Brazil, Mato Grosso, rio Paraguay basin, rio Claro
15
100
24 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus myersi
Gosline, 1947
 
Argentina, Brazil
Rio Iguaçu = río Iguazú, rio Areia, rio Cavernoso, rio Cotegipe, rio Guarani, rio Jordão, arroyo Uruguaí, rio Iratim
(Paraná, Santa Catarina, Misiones)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus myersi , NUP 680, 146.2 mm SL, Salto Caxias reservoir, rio Iguaçu, Municipality of Capitão Leônidas Marques/Nova Prata do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil
30
150
18 - 24
unknown
Hypostomus nigrolineatus
Zawadzki, Carvalho, Birindelli & Azevedo, 2016
 
Brazil
Rio Fanado, rio Araçuaí, rio Itacambiruçu, rio Jequitinhonha, rio Vacaria, rio Pardo
(Minas Gerais, Bahia)
25
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus nigromaculatus (LDA 12)
Schubert, 1964
 
Brazil
Rio Mogi Guaçu
(São Paulo)
Hypostomus nigromaculatus  (LDA 12)
15
80
18 - 24
Catfish Atlas 2
Hypostomus nigropunctatus
Garavello, Britski & Zawadzki, 2012
 
Brazil
rio Jordão, rio Butiá, rio Covó, rio Iguaçu-Einzug
(Paraná)
Holotype of Hypostomus nigropunctatus n. sp., MZUSP 106072, 184.4 mm SL, rio Iguaçu, Municipality of Mangueirinha/ Reserva do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil
30
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus oculeus
Cochliodon oculeus
Fowler, 1943
 
Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Río Orteguasa, río Cochabamba, rio Corrientes, río Aguarico, río Due, río Cenepa, Oberer Amazonas-Einzug
(Caquetá, Pastaza, Sucumbíos, Napo, Orellana, Amazonas (PER))
IUCN: data deficient
Hypostomus oculeus
25
120
24 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus papariae
Fowler, 1941
 
Brazil
Lagoa Papari, Rio Choró
(Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará)
Hypostomus papariae
17
100
 
unknown
Hypostomus paucipunctatus
Cochliodon paucipunctatus
Hollanda Carvalho & Weber, 2004
 
Brazil
Rio Itacaiúnas-Einzug
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus paucipunctatus sp. n., MZUSP 82271, holotype (177.1 mm SL)
24
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus paulinus
Ihering, 1905
 
Brazil
Rio Piracicaba
(São Paulo)
Plecostomus paulinus Holotype BMNH 1905.6.9.4 SL135.0mm
20
120
18 - 24
unknown
Hypostomus sp. aff. paulinus

 
Brazil
rio Mourão, rio Ivaí
(Paraná)
Hypostomus aff. paulinus, NUP 15329, 112.8 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Campo Mourão, rio Mourão, tributary of the rio Ivaí.
18
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus peckoltoides (L 390)
Zawadzki, Claude Weber & Pavanelli, 2010
 
Brazil, Paraguay
Rio Cuiabá; río Tebicuary
(Mato Grosso, Ñeembucú, Misiones, Paraguarí)
Hypostomus peckoltoides (L 390)
>20
120
22 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus perdido
Zawadzki, Tencatt & Froehlich, 2014
 
Brazil
Rio Perdido
(Mato Grosso do Sul)
Hypostomus perdido, holotype, MZUSP 111064, 159.1 mm SL, Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Bodoquena, rio Paraguai basin, rio Perdido.
22
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus perdido
Zawadzki, Tencatt & Froehlich, 2014
 
Brazil
Rio Perdido
(Mato Grosso do Sul)
22
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus piratatu
Weber, 1986
 
Paraguay
río Tebicuary-mi, arroyo Mbaey, río Piribebuy, río Tagatyja Guazu, río Tagatyja-mi, arroyo Trementina
(Concepción, Cordillera, Sapucaí, Paraguai, Central)
Hypostomus piratatu, lateral
32
180
 
unknown
Hypostomus plecostomoides (LDA 38)
Cochliodon plecostomoides (LDA 38)
Eigenmann, 1922
 
Colombia, Venezuela
Quebrada Gramalote bei Villavicencio; río Casanare, caño Rico, río Negrito, río Tigre, caño Manamo,rio Apure, caño Maporal, río Arauca, rio La Luca, río Maspara, caño Capa, caño Honda, rio Chiri Chiri, río Mitado-seco, río Meta
(Meta, Táchira, Barinas, Apure, Portuguesa, Cojedes, Guárico, Bolivar (VEN), Anzoátegui, Monagas)
Hypostomus plecostomoides  (LDA 38)
30
150
24 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus plecostomus
Linnaeus, 1758
 
French Guiana, Suriname
Suriname River, Saramacca River
(Sipaliwini, Para (SUR), Saramacca, Brokopondo, Commewijne)
Hypostomus plecostomus
30
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus punctatus
Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840
 
Brazil, Uruguay
rio Ubatiba
(Rio de Janeiro)
Plecostomus punctatus = Hypostomus punctatus, lateral
30
150
22 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus pusarum
Starks, 1913
 
Brazil
Rio Mirim, Küstenflüsse Nordbrasiliens
(Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Piauí, Pernambuco, Alagoas)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus pusarum
25
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus pyrineusi
Cochliodon pyrineusi
Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920
 
Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
río Curiraba, río Madeira, río Itenez = río Guaporé, río Beni, río Maniqui, río Mamoré, rio Macauhan, rio Yaco = rio Iaco, rio Macaua, rio Jamari, río Catapino, río Pucuno, río Lushian, río Marañón, río Santiago, río Huallaga río Madre de Dios, río Tambopata
(Acre, Amazonas, Rondônia, Madre de Dios, Loreto, Orellana, Beni)
78 mm (MUSM 35528), Bajo Urubamba
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus regani
Ihering, 1905
 
Brazil, Uruguay
rio Piracicaba, río Uruguay, rio Mogi Guaçu, rio Ariranha, oberes rio Paraná-System
(São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Minas Geraís, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paysandú)
Hypostomus regani
50
250
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus renestoi
Zawadzki, Silva & Troy, 2018
 
Brazil
rio Diamantino, rio Jungada, rio Cuiabá, rio Nobres, rio Manso, córrego São Joaquim, rio Currupira, rio Palmeiras, córrego Custódio, lagoa da Belita, rio Santana, rio Paraguay
(Mato Grosso)
20
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus rhantos (L 242)
Armbruster, Tansey, Lujan, 2007
 
Venezuela
oberer Río Orionoc-Einzugo, río Ventuari, río Asita, río Manapiare
(Amazonas)
Hypostomus rhantos (L 242)
23
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus robertsoni
Dias & Zawadzki, 2021
 
Brazil
rio Bonito, rio Água Fria, rio Keller, rio Ivaí, rio Mourão, rio Pedrinho, rio Campo, ribeirão Andirá
(Paraná)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus robertsoni
18
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus robinii
Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840
 
Colombia, Trinidad, Tobago
Maraval River
(Trinidad)
Hypostomus robinii
25
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus roseopunctatus
Reis, Weber & Malabarba, 1990
 
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Rio Pelotas, río Uruguay-, río de la Plata-Einzug, rio Comandai, rio Ijui-mirim, rio Canoas, río Negro
(Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Entre Ríos)
Hypostomus roseopunctatus
30
150
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus scabriceps
Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888
 
Brazil
rio Ipanema?, rio São Matheos = rio São Mateus-Einzug, rio Piracicaba
(Espirito Santo, São Paulo)
Plecostomus commersonii scabriceps - Type
35
200
 
unknown
Hypostomus sculpodon
Cochliodon sculpodon
Armbruster, 2003
 
Colombia, Venezuela
Río Casiquare, río Orinoco, río Negro, caño Cascacadura
(Guainía, Amazonas)
Hypostomus sculpodon
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus seminudus
Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888
 
Brazil
 
Plecostomus seminudus = Hypostomus seminudus, Holotype, lateral
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sertanejo
Zawadzki, Ramos & Sabaj, 2017
 
Brazil
rio Umbuzeiro, rio Salgado, rio Lima Campos, rio Choró, rio Jaguaribe-Einzug
(Ceará, Paraíba)
Hypostomus sertanejo
23
150
 
Amazonas 1/2018 in Brazil
Hypostomus simios
Cochliodon simios
Hollanda Carvalho & Weber, 2004
 
Brazil
Rio Cupixi-Einzug
(Amapá)
Hypostomus simios sp. n. MZUSP 82268, holotype (177.1 mm SL)
20
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus soniae (L 137)
Cochliodon soniae (L 137)
Carvalho & Weber, 2005
 
Brazil
Rio Tapajos zwischen Vila Nova and Itaituba
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus soniae (L 137)
30
120
26 - 30
unknown
>25
 
 
unknown
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Bolivien"
Cochliodon sp. "Bolivien"

 
Bolivia
Río Paraguay-Einzug
Hypostomus sp. "Bolivien"
30
150
22 - 27
Amazonas Sept./Okt. 2011?
Hypostomus sp. "Le Kourou"

 
French Guiana
Le Kourou
(Cayenne)
Hypostomus sp. "Le Kourou"
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Peru"
Cochliodon sp. "Peru"

 
Peru
 
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Araguaia"
Cochliodon sp. "Rio Araguaia"

 
Brazil
Rio Araguaia
(Tocantins, Pará (BRA))
30
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Callarú"

 
Peru
Río Callarú
(Loreto)
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Chipiriri"

 
Bolivia
Río Chipiriri bei San Francisco
(Cochabamba)
25
120
22 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Ivaí"

 
Brazil
rio Ivaí, rio Keller, rio dos Patos, rio Mourão
(Paraná)
Hypostomus sp. 3, NUP 10917, 142.3 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Ivatuba, rio Ivaí. Dorsal, lateral and ventral view.
18
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Jaciparaná"
Cochliodon sp. "Rio Jaciparaná"

 
Brazil
Rio Jaciparana = Rio Jaci Paraná
(Rondônia)
30
120
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Jatapu"
Cochliodon sp. "Rio Jatapu"

 
Brazil
Rio Jatapu
(Amazonas, Roraima)
>40
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Jatapu"

 
Brazil
Rio Jatapu
(Amazonas, Roraima)
20
120
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Madeira"
Cochliodon sp. "Rio Madeira"

 
Brazil
Rio Madeira
(Amazonas, Rondônia)
 
 
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Marmoré"
Cochliodon sp. "Río Marmoré"

 
Bolivia
río Quizer, río Mamoré-Einzug
(Beni, Santa Cruz)
30
180
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Mogi-Guaçu"

 
Brazil
Rio Mogi-Guaçu = rio Mojiguaçu
(São Paulo)
50
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Mourão"

 
Brazil
rio Mourão, rio Keller, rio Barra Bonita, rio Ivaí
(Paraná)
Hypostomus sp. 2, NUP 3030, 116.2 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Campo Mourão, rio Mourão, tributary of the rio Ivaí
18
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Muquilão"

 
Brazil
rio Bonito, rio das Piavas, rio Muquilão, rio Pedrinho
(Paraná)
Hypostomus sp. 4, NUP 4745, 149.1 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Nova Tebas, rio Muquilão, tributary of the rio Ivaí.
18
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Olimar"
Cochliodon sp. "Río Olimar"

 
Uruguay
Río Olimar
(Trenta y Tres)
Hypostomus sp. "Río Olimar"
50
200
13 - 23
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Pachitea"
Cochliodon sp. "Río Pachitea"

 
Peru
Río Pachitea
(Pasco, Huánuco)
25
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Paushiyaco"
Cochliodon sp. "Rio Paushiyaco"

 
Ecuador
Rio Paushiyaco = Río Paushiyacu
(Orellana, Napo, Pastaza)
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Payamino"

 
Peru
Río Payamino
(Orellana, Napo)
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Pilcomayo"

 
Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Río Pilcomayo
(Boquerón, Tarija, Salta, Formosa)
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Prado"

 
Brazil
Rio Pardo
(Rio Grande do Sul)
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Río Satipo"
Cochliodon sp. "Río Satipo"

 
Peru
Río Satipo
(Junín)
25
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Teles Pires"

 
Brazil
Rio Teles Pires
(Mato Grosso, Pará (BRA))
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Rio Uraricoera"

 
Brazil
Rio Uraricoera
(Amazonas)
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Tingo Maria"

 
Peru
Río Huallaga-Einzug bei Tingo Maria
(Huánuco)
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "Yellow butterfly"
Cochliodon sp. "Yellow butterfly"

 
 
 
30
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 10"

 
Brazil
Rio Paraquay-Einzug
(Mato Grosso)
30
150
23 - 28
unknown
>30
150
23 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 24"

 
Brazil
Recife
(Pernambuco)
Hypostomus sp.  "LDA 24"
>20
150
25 - 29
unknown
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 37"

 
Brazil
Rio Xingu ?
(Pará (BRA))
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 42"
Cochliodon sp. "LDA 42"

 
Venezuela
 
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 50"

 
Brazil
Recife
(Pernambuco)
35
160
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 80"

 
Brazil
Rio Iriri
(Pará (BRA))
>20
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 83"

 
Brazil, Venezuela
Belém
(Pará (BRA))
>35
160
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 95"
Cochliodon sp. "LDA 95"

 
Colombia
 
30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 96"

 
Brazil
Rio Jaguaribe
(Ceará)
35
160
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 98"

 
Brazil
bei Rio de Janeiro
(Rio de Janeiro)
>35
200
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 99"

 
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
(Rio de Janeiro)
>30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "LDA 104"

 
Brazil
Santarém
(Pará (BRA))
>25
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 50"
Cochliodon sp. "L 50"

 
Brazil
Rio Tocantins, rio Araguaia, rio do Peixe
(Pará (BRA), Goiás)
Hypostomus sp. "L 50"
30
120
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 77"
Cochliodon sp. "L 77"

 
Brazil
Quebrada zwischen Riachão und Balsas im rio Parnaíba-Einzug
(Maranhão)
>30
200
25 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 87"

 
Brazil
rio Xingu bei Altamira
(Pará (BRA))
30
160
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 101"

 
Brazil
Rio Araguaia
(Goiás, Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 101"
>20
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 112"

 
Brazil
Rio Trombetas bei Cachoeira Porteira
(Pará (BRA))
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 130"

 
Brazil
Rio Tapajós bei Pimental
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 130"
>30
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 132"

 
Brazil
Rio Cupari im Rio Tapajós-Einzug bei Aveiro
(Pará (BRA))
>30
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 138"
Cochliodon sp. "L 138"

 
Brazil
Rio Tapajós oberhalb Itaituba
(Pará (BRA))
30
120
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 139"
Cochliodon sp. "L 139"

 
Brazil
Rio Tapajós-Einzug oberhalb Itaituba
(Pará (BRA))
>30
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 145"
Cochliodon sp. "L 145"

 
Brazil
Rio Guamá
(Pará (BRA))
30
120
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 167"
Cochliodon sp. "L 167"

 
Brazil
Rio Demini im rio Negro-Einzug
(Amazonas)
Hypostomus sp. "L 167"
30
120
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 192"

 
Venezuela
Río Guárico, Embalse de Guárico, río Guariquito
(Guárico)
>30
200
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 222"

 
Brazil
Rio Paru
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 222"
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 227"
Cochliodon sp. "L 227"

 
Peru
Río Ucayali bei Pucallpa, río Huacamayo-Einzug
(río Aguaytia > río Ucayali > Amazonas)
30
120
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 229"
Cochliodon sp. "L 229"

 
Peru
Rio Ucayali bei Reqena, río Pachitea bei Tournavista
(Loreto, Huánuco)
Hypostomus sp. "L 229"
30
120
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 231"
>30
200
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 245"

 
Brazil
Oberer rio São Francisco-Einzug
(Minas Gerais)
Hypostomus sp. "L 245"
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 246"

 
Brazil
Oberer Rio São Francisco-Einzug
(Minas Gerais)
Hypostomus sp. "L 246"
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 266"

 
Peru
Rio Pachitea
(Ucayali)
Hypostomus sp. "L 266"
>30
200
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 284"

 
Brazil
Rio São Francisco bei Entre Montes
(Alagoas, Sergipe)
Hypostomus sp. "L 284"
>20
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 285"

 
Brazil
Rio São Francisco bei Entre Montes
(Alagoas, Sergipe)
Hypostomus sp. "L 285"
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 286"

 
Brazil
Rio São Francisco bei Entre Montes
(Alagoas, Sergipe)
Hypostomus sp. "L 286"
>40
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 310"
Cochliodon sp. "L 310"

 
Brazil
bei Salvador
(Bahia)
Hypostomus sp. "L 310"
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 311"

 
Brazil
bei Salvador
(Bahia)
Hypostomus sp. "L 311"
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 331"

 
Colombia
Fangort widersprüchlich: río Magdalena- oder río Meta-Einzug
>30
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 342"

 
Peru
Amazonas-Einzug bei Iquitos
(Loreto)
Hypostomus sp. "L 342"
>30
100
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 346"

 
Brazil
Rio Pará
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 346"
20
150
25 - 29
Welsladen Chemnitz
Hypostomus sp. "L 356"

 
Brazil
Ilha Marajó
(Pará (BRA))
>30
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 360"
Cochliodon sp. "L 360"

 
Brazil
Mittlerer Rio Jamanxim
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 360"
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 366"
Cochliodon sp. "L 366"

 
Brazil
Traversão da Cachoeira im rio Tapajós-Einzug bei Rurópolis
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 366"
30
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 367"
Cochliodon sp. "L 367"

 
Brazil
Rio Tapajós-Einzug 25 km nördlich von Rurópolis
(Pará (BRA))
Hypostomus sp. "L 367"
30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 379"

 
Brazil
Rio Gurupí zwischen Alto Bonito und Marajupema
(Pará, Maranhão)
>30
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 381"
Cochliodon sp. "L 381"

 
Brazil
Rio Gurupí zwischen Alto Bonito und Marajupema
(Pará, Maranhão)
>30
200
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 394"
Cochliodon sp. "L 394"

 
Peru
Río Madre de Dios-Einzug
(Madre de Dios)
>30
200
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 419"

 
Brazil
Rio Tocantins bei Marabá
(Pará (BRA))
>30
150
24 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 449"

 
Colombia
Rio Meta-Einzug?, Rio Ariari?, Embalse de San Leandro?
Hypoostomus von der Embalse de San Leandro
40
180
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 517"
Cochliodon sp. "L 517"

 
Brazil
rio Teles Pires = rio São Manoel = rio São Manuel
(Mato Grosso)
Hypostomus sp. "L 517"
 
 
 
unknown
Hypostomus sp. "L 525"

 
Colombia
río San Juan
(Chocó)
20
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus spiniger
Hensel, 1870
 
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
Rio Cadea = rio Cadeia, río Ayui, río Uruguay, río Urquiza, La Capilla, El Doctor, lagoa dos Patos
(Rio Grande do Sul, Corrientes, Misiones, Entre Ríos)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus spiniger, Río Uruguay, Chajarí, Entre Rios
37
200
19 - 26
unknown
Hypostomus strigaticeps
Regan, 1908
 
Brazil
Rio Piracicaba, rio Tietê, rio Ivaí, rio Keller, rio Muquilão
(São Paulo, Paraná)
NUP 19618, 129.6 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Marialva, rio Keller, tributary of the rio Ivaí.
>30
200
18 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus subcarinatus
Castelnau, 1855
 
Brazil
Lagoa da Pampulha im rio das Velas-Einzug
(Minas Gerais)
IUCN: critical endangered
Hypostomus subcarinatus, 196.5 mm SL,  Lagoa da Pampulha
35
200
20 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus surinamensis
Boeseman, 1968
 
Suriname
Suriname River Basin
(Sipaliwini, Brokopondo, Commewijne)
Hypostomus surinamensis
25
150
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus taphorni
Cochliodon taphorni
Lilyestrom, 1984
 
Guyana, Venezuela
río Botanmo, río Cuyuni, río Corumo, Mapari River
(Bolívar, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Pomeroon-Supenaam)
Hypostomus taphorni
28
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus tapijara
Oyakawa, Akama & Zanata, 2005
 
Brazil
Canal do Valo Grande, rio Catas Altas, rio Ribeira de Iguape, rio Pardo, rio Batatal, rio Una do Prelado, rio Vargem do Braço = rio Pilões, rio Juquiá
(São Paulo)
Hypostomus tapijara
45
200
20 - 25
unknown
Hypostomus ternetzi (LDA 55)
Boulenger, 1895
 
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Río Paraguay, río Paraná, río Uruguay
(Mato Grosso)
Hypostomus ternetzi  (LDA 55)
35
150
18 - 26
unknown
Hypostomus cf. ternetzi "LDA 54"

 
Paraguay
Río de la Plata-Einzug
35
160
 
unknown
Hypostomus tietensis
Ihering, 1905
 
Brazil
Rio Tietê-Einzug
(São Paulo)
Plecostomus tietensis Holotype BMNH 1905.6.9.1 SL127.9mm
17
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus topavae
Godoy, 1969
 
Brazil
Rio Mogi Guaçu, Cachoeira de Emas, rio Ivaí, ribeirão da Jacutinga, rio Keller, rio Muquilão, ribeirão Piava, ribeirão Xapecó
(São Paulo, Paraná)
NUP 3745, 122.3 mm SL, Brazil, Paraná state, municipality of Marialva, rio Keller, tributary of the rio Ivaí
>10
80
 
unknown
Hypostomus unae
Steindachner, 1878
 
Brazil
Rio Una
(Paraíba, Bahia)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus unae
20
120
24 - 28
unknown
Hypostomus vaillanti
Steindachner, 1877
 
Brazil
Rio Preto bei Santa Rita de Cássia
(Bahia)
Hypostomus vaillanti
23
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus velhomonge (L 78)

 
Brazil
rio Balsas, rio Grajaú, rio Parnaíba, arroio Muquem, rio Corrente, rio Gurguéia, rio Uruçui Vermelho
(Maranhão, Piauí)
IUCN: least concern
Hypostomus velhomonge, color in life, UFPB 9566, paratype, 88.0 mm SL, with non-deposited material. Parnaíba River, Santa Filomena, Piauí, Brazil
30
150
25 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus vermicularis
Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888
 
Brazil
Rio Paraíba do Norte, Küstenfllüsse Ostbrasiliens
(Rio Janeiro, Goías)
Plecostomus vermicularis = Hyposotmus vermicularis, syntype, lateral
23
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus waiampi
Cochliodon waiampi
Hollanda Carvalho & Weber, 2004
 
Brazil
Rio Cupixi-Einzug
(Amapá)
Hypostomus waiampi sp. n. MZUSP 82269, holotype (169.3 mm SL)
25
150
 
unknown
Hypostomus watwata
Hancock, 1828
 
Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
Nordbrasilien, Oyapock = rio Oiapoque, Demerara River, Berbice River
(Rupununi, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Essequibo Islands - West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Amapá, Cayenne)
Hypostomus watwata, in Brackish water, Kourou River
50
300
23 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus weberi
Cochliodon weberi
Carvalho, Lima & Zawadzki, 2010
 
Brazil
río Cicipa?, mittlerer rio Negro, rio Marauiá
(Amazonas)
Hypostomus weberi, Holotype, 149,3 mm, MZUSP 98767
25
150
26 - 30
unknown
Hypostomus wilsoni
Eigenmann, 1916
 
Colombia
Rio Truando-Einzug
(Chocó)
IUCN: vulnerable
Hypostomus wilsoni
33
150
25 - 29
unknown
Hypostomus wucheri
Günther, 1864
 
Brazil
Paraguaçu-Einzug?
(Bahia)
Plecostomus wuchereri Syntype BMNH 1863.3.27.15_195.0 mm
24
120
 
unknown
Hypostomus yaku
Martins, Langeani & Zawadzki, 2014
 
Brazil
Rio Quente
(Goiás)
Hypostomus yaku, holotype, DZSJRP 15735, 70.8 mm SL, rio Quente, rio Paranaíba drainage, upper rio Paraná basin, Rio Quente, Goiás State, Brazil.
9
60
34 - 34
unknown
262  entries found.
Many thanks to
for the pictures
Shastri Ballyram
1, 83
João Luiz Gasparini (CC BY-NC 3.0)
3
Carlos Rodriguez
8
Rudolph Kner (1854) (PD)
12
Ralf Binninger
13, 104
Ingo Seidel
16, 39, 67, 107, 109, 122, 130
20, 35, 105
H. P. Risch
22, 55, 56
Gustavo Liggera
23
José "BlackSouL" Sole
24, 57, 87, 98
C. Weber (Not in copyright)
29
Marcel Bosveld
31
Rogério Fádel (CC BY-NC 3.0)
33
C. Tate Regan (1908) (PD)
37
Bubu Schmidt
38
Donald Taphorn
40, 131
42, 45, 78, 100, 101, 102, 128, 135
Paul Louis Oudart (1796–1860)
48
Henry Fowler, 1915 (PD)
50
Flávio Lima (CC BY-NC 3.0)
53
Rachel C. Atanacio (CC BY 3.0)
61
Ken Davis
62
63, 108, 111
MissWels
65
Hans-Georg Evers
66, 97, 112, 113, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 123, 124
Amadeo Perdomo
74
Yecid Rojas-Molina
82
Carvalho et. al., 2009 (PD)
86
massy
91
Mathl
93
T.P.A. Ramos
95
Norbert Knaak
110
David Russell Rinaldo
126
Eduardo Baena (CC BY-NC 3.0)
132
Please help with your pictures and information to complete the database: database(at)welsfans.de
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