Genera of Catfishes

Families

Family
Subfamily

with genus

Genus
 
Length (total)
Body
height
dorsal
fin
soft
rays
Adi
pose
 
Acanthicus
Elfenwelse
Acanthicus
120
flat
8
no
flat head, heavy growth with odontodes
Acanthodoras
17
 
yes
only Doradidae genus with round caudal
Acestridium
7
normal
7
no
needle-shaped, rounded caudal
Agamyxis
20
very height
5
yes
Ageneiosus
Delphinwelse
Ageneiosus
65
very height
no
Amblydoras
13
 
6
yes
Anadoras
20
 
no
Ancistomus
Trugschilderwelse
Peckoltia (snethlageae-Gruppe)
Ancistomus
25
normal
7
yes
elongated than Peckoltia
Ancistrini
35
 
not
all
Ancistrus
Antennenwelse
Ancistrus
30
flat
(6 - ) 7
yes
Tentacles on the head
Andeancistrus
17
normal
7
yes
Aphanotorulus
Leopardschilderwelse
 (frankei-Gruppe)
Aphanotorulus
65
flat
7
yes
Leopard pattern, lobes of the caudal fin approximately the same length
Apistoloricaria
15
very flat
no
Astroblepus
Kletterwelse
climbing catfishes
Astroblepus
33
 
no
Astrodoras
12
 
6
no
Bagropsis
26
 
no
Baryancistrus
Prachtharnischwelse
Baryancistrus
40
height
7
yes
Dorsal fin and adipose fin are connected to a diaphragm
Bergiaria
25
 
no
Brochiloricaria
40
flat
no
teeth with equal size on both jaws
Centrochir
25
 
5
yes
Chaetostoma
Gebirgsharnischwelse
Chaetostoma
30
very flat
7 - 9
not
all
"rubber mouth"
Cochliodon

Hypostomus (cochliodon-Gruppe)
Cochliodon
50
very height
7
not
all
few spoon-shaped teeth, jaws v-shaped
Cordylancistrus
Breitkopf-Gebirgsharnischwelse
Cordylancistrus
15
very flat
8
yes
haunch-shaped head
Corymbophanes
9
very flat
7
no
Crossoloricaria
30
very flat
no
Cruciglanis
14
very height
no
Cteniloricaria
20
very flat
7
no
Dasyloricaria
40
height
no
Dekeyseria
Rotdornharnischwels
Dekeyseria
25
very flat
7
yes
afterbody strongly keeled
Delturus
30
flat
8 - 10
yes
flat, strong keel before adipose fin
Dentectus
15
very flat
no
Dolichancistrus
Langstachel-Gebirgsharnischwelse
Dolichancistrus
17
very flat
(7 - ) 8 - 9 ( - 10)
yes
"rubber mouth", many small bristles along the snout
Doraops
55
 
no
Doras
60
 
6
no
Epapterus
17
 
no
Etsaputu
12
normal
7
no
Eurycheilichthys
9
 
no
7 soft rays in the pectoral fin
Exastilithoxus
Fransenmaul-Stromschnellen-Harnischwels
Exastilithoxus
8
very flat
6 - 7
yes
jagged mouth with many lip barbels!
Farlowella
Schnabel-, Faden-, Nadelwelse
Farlowella
28
 
no
Fonchiiloricaria
20
 
no
12 soft rays in the caudal fin
Furcodontichthys
15
flat
no
2 large, widely branched lip barbels, pointed head
Glanidium
23
 
no
Glyptoperichthys
Segelschilderwelse
Pterygoplichthys
Glyptoperichthys
60
height
(11 - ) 12 - 14
yes
bumps on the supraoccipital plate
Guyanancistrus

Pseudancistrus (brevispinis-Gruppe)
Guyanancistrus
20
very flat
7
yes
relatively large, very small maxillary barbels
Harttia
20
very flat
6
no
very broad, flattened caudal peduncle
Harttiella
6
very flat
7
no
Hassar
26
 
6
yes
Hemiancistrus
Großaugen-Harnischwelse
Hemiancistrus
50
normal
7
yes
Collection of genera
Hemidoras
17
 
no
Hemiloricaria
Hexenwelse
Hemiloricaria
25
very flat
no
Hemipsilichthys
15
 
7
not
all
Hisonotus
7
very flat
7
no
Hopliancistrus
Dreihornharnischwelse
Hopliancistrus
15
very flat
yes
three extremely strong odontodes behind the gill cover
Hypancistrus
35
normal
7
yes
relatively small mouth, greatly reduced dentition
Hypodoras
15
 
no
Hypoptopoma
13
very flat
7
yes
far outside eyes, spatulate body, strong armor
Hypostomus
Schilderwelse
Hypostomus
60
height
7
yes
no odontodes of interoperculum, usually colored inconspicuous
Isorineloricaria
Igel-Harnischwelse
 (spinossissimus-group)
Isorineloricaria
60
flat
yes
extremely long by greatly elongated, thin, round caudal peduncle
Ixinandria
13
very flat
no
Lamontichthys
22
normal
no
Lasiancistrus
Deltaschwanzwelse
Lasiancistrus
25
very flat
7 - 8
yes
thick and thin odontodes on the operculum
Leiarius
95
 
no
Leliella
15
flat
no
Leporacanthicus
Rüsselzahnwelse
Leporacanthicus
30
normal
8
yes
"Buck teeth", upper lip has barbels!
Leptoancistrus
Hochgebirgs-Harnischwelse
Leptoancistrus
10
very flat
8
no
no anal fin
Lipopterichthys
10
 
no
only 12 soft rays in caudal fin
Liposarcus
Segelschilderwelse
Pterygoplichthys (multiradiatus-Gruppe)
Liposarcus
60
height
(11 - ) 12 - 14
yes
no bumps on the supraoccipital plate
Lithogenes
8
 
6 - 7
yes
Lithoxancistrus
Flachkopfharnischwelse
Pseudancistrus (orinoco-Gruppe)
Lithoxancistrus
20
very flat
7
yes
Lithoxus
8
very flat
not
all
Mouth: jagged edge striking circular
Loricaria
35
flat
no
finely feathery mouth
Loricariichthys
Riesenhexenwelse
Loricariichthys
50
flat
no
Mastiglanis
7
normal
no
conspicuously prolonged pectoral fin
Megalancistrus
Riesenkaktuswelse
Megalancistrus
80
height
(9 - ) 10
yes
massive
Neblinichthys
Neblina-Harnischwelse
Neblinichthys
10
very flat
(6 - ) 7
yes
males have on the head are long, forward looking odontodes
Nemadoras
16
 
no
Niobichthys
10
very flat
no
afterbody and caudal peduncle strongly flattened
Oligancistrus
Segelflossenharnischwels
Spectracanthicus
Oligancistrus
20
normal
7
yes
Opsodoras
17
 
no
Ossancora
16
 
no
Otocinclus
Trommelfell-Welse
Otocinclus
8
 
6
no
Oxydoras
100
 
no
Panaqolus
Zwergschilderwelse, Tigerharnischwelse
Panaque (dentex-Gruppe)
Panaqolus
20
normal
7
yes
jaw mostly strong v-shaped
Panaque
70
very height
7
yes
jaw mostly strong v-shaped
Paraloricaria
60
flat
yes
Parancistrus
Breitkopfharnischwelse
Parancistrus
25
very flat
7
yes
first ray of the dorsal severely bent, huge gill opening
Pareiorhaphis
13
flat
yes
Paulasquama
7
very flat
7
yes
Peckoltia
Zwergschilderwels
Peckoltia
50
normal
7
yes
Peckoltichthys
Flachstirnharnischwelse
Peckoltia (ucayalensis-Gruppe)
Peckoltichthys
15
height
7
yes
elongated, flat forehead
Pimelodus
65
 
no
Pinirampus
150
 
no
Planiloricaria
35
very flat
no
very small eyes, disk-shaped head
Platydoras
30
 
6
yes
Pogonopoma
Tannenzapfen-Harnischwels
Pogonopoma
45
flat
7 ( - 11)
not
all
Proloricaria
50
flat
no
Pseudacanthicus
Kaktuswelse
Pseudacanthicus
100
height
8 - 9
yes
strongly keeled, thorn-like odontodes
Pseudancistrus
Borstenkranz-Harnischwelse
Pseudancistrus
25
flat
7 - 11
yes
long beard from odontodes
Pseudohemiodon
Flunderharnischwelse
Pseudohemiodon
35
very flat
no
Pseudolithoxus
Fliegerharnischwelse
Lasiancistrus (anthrax-Gruppe)
Pseudolithoxus
20
very flat
7
yes
very long pectoral fins
Pseudoqolus
20
normal
7
yes
Pseudorinelepis
Tannenzapfen-Harnischwels
Pseudorinelepis
60
flat
7 - 8
no
no iris cloth, pinecone-like bone plates, flat head
Pterodoras
100
 
no
Pterygoplichthys
Segelschilderwelse
Pterygoplichthys
40
height
10 - 11 ( - 12)
yes
no bumps on the supraoccipital plate
Pyxiloricaria
20
very flat
no
triangular head
Reganella
12
very flat
no
Rhadinoloricaria
17
very flat
no
long, pointed head
Rhamdia
40
 
no
Rhinelepis
Tannenzapfen-Harnischwelse
Rhinelepis
70
flat
7
no
no iris cloth, pinecone-like bone plates, flat head
Rhinolekos
6
flat
6 - 7
no
Ricola
25
flat
no
Schizolecis
5
height
no
Scobinancistrus
Pfauenharnischwelse
Scobinancistrus
40
flat
7
yes
very few long teeth, elongated
Sorubim
100
 
no
Spatuloricaria
Kammharnischwelse
Spatuloricaria
60
very flat
no
Spectracanthicus
Falsche Rüsselzahnwelse
Spectracanthicus
15
flat
7
yes
"Buck teeth", upper lip has no barbels! very pointed head
Squaliforma
Haischilderwelse
Aphanotorulus (emarginatus-Gruppe)
Squaliforma
65
flat
7
yes
Leopard pattern, lower lobe of the caudal fin is longer
Sturisoma
Störwelse
Sturisoma
30
 
no
Tatia
20
 
no
Tenellus
15
 
no
Tetranematichthys
Blatt-Delfinwelse
Tetranematichthys
25
very height
no
Transancistrus
10
very flat
7
no
Zonancistrus
Schmetterlingsharnischwelse
Dekeyseria (brachyura-Gruppe)
Zonancistrus
18
very flat
7
yes
conspicuous bands, caudal peduncle strongly keeled, long, pointed head
Zungaro
160
 
no
244 entries found
Many thanks to
for the pictures
Hans-Georg Evers
1, 47, 74, 86, 113, 124, 141, 152, 153
José Birindelli (CC BY-NC)
2, 7, 56, 167, 173, 176
6, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23, 26, 41, 44, 45, 60, 62, 79, 81, 84, 91, 92, 102, 107, 109, 111, 122, 123, 126, 127, 137, 142, 146, 158, 159, 160, 161, 166
José "BlackSouL" Sole
8
Ingo Seidel
10, 12, 13, 22, 36, 38, 61, 63, 69, 71, 115, 139, 143, 144, 145
11, 156, 174
Robert Eckert
14
Juan Guillermo Ospina Pabon (fb)
24, 78
Leandro Sousa (CC BY-NC)
25, 58, 66, 93, 99, 120, 121, 150, 168, 169, 170, 171
J. J. von Tschudi
27
H. P. Risch
29
Mitsuhiro Iwamoto
31
President and Fellows of Harvard College (CC BY-NC-SA)
37, 131
MiltonT (CC BY-SA)
42
Bubu Schmidt
52
Tiago Carvalho (CC BY-NC)
53
Jansen Zuanon (CC BY-NC)
59
Eduardo Baena (CC BY-NC)
64
Carla Polaz (CC BY-NC)
67, 148
Carvalho et. al., 2009
68
Julio Endler
70
Felipe Alonso
72
Sven Nowack
73, 134
Brenda Irwin
77
Denise Melchior
82
Mark Sabaj Pérez (CC BY-NC)
83, 155
Francis de Castelnau
87
Cláudio Dias Timm (CC BY-NC-SA)
88, 112
Sandra Udrizar
90
Bárbara B. Calegari (CC BY-NC)
95, 104, 105, 140
Paul Louis Oudart (1796–1860)
110
Silva G, Roxo F, Oliveira C
114
Edvaldo Trajano
125
Manzotti, Angelo Rodrigo (CC BY-NC)
149
Ilka Baumann
154
Sitron (GFDL)
157
Guilherme Souza (CC BY-NC)
163
Armin Ackermann
164, 165
Luís Schiesari (CC BY-NC)
172
Please help with your pictures and information to complete the database: datenbank(at)welsfans.de